Tenkara is a telescopic rod that as no reel and no fly line. Simply a line at the end of the rod, that make the caracteristic of being realy economical and very pratical.
Most of us we have all one day done some Tenkara. Remember when you where a kid and took a branch at put a line at the end of it that you took from your dad fishing box little worm that y a clump, well that is what is fly fishing Tenkara is !
Whether you are a fly fisherman of experience or a neophytein the domain of the fly fishing world, learning process of the casting will take just a few minutes.
There is a lot of avantage to have a Tenkara rod. Like she is ultra-light, compact and takes just a few second to take it up and down, outdoors poeple (trekking, canoe, bike, climbing...) and the travellers will find a lots of pratical advantage.
If you have to cross a river, simply take it in and put the rod in your wader, like that you will have your hand free and be more secure. You will also walk more freely in the forest not having your flie or the rod caught in the branches. The other advantage is if you fish for several hours you will not suffer from fatigue of your arm because of her lightweight and you simply do on cast, there is no false cast in Tenkara. Whit that in mind your flie is more in the water so more chance to catch fish.
In the year 1600, the first flies where sold by two familly still going strong at this day, the Meboso, whit 20 generation and the Katsuoka. In 1703, a lot of models where tied whit real gold, it was for fishing the Ugui (Trout). Since 1926, more then 1 million of flies are sold each year.
There is 600 different model of traditional flies. Often the name of the flies come from a geographical location from the countrie. The particularity of those flies is that they do not have eyelet and they are all barbless. To know how to ties those kind of flies it can take at least 5 years.
The fisrt Tenkara lines ware made in real silk. After they took horsehair (3 string) furled in taper because the cost of those was less expensive and less complacated to make.
In Japan they are still Master in Tenkara that are active to transmitted they knowledge on that style of fishning.
At the beginning the rod was made of just one lenght of bamboo. After the Japanese handcraft started to put some metal joint to be more pratical for the transport. Certain of them put a little bit of finess buy putting perles on the bamboo rod. Usuly it was for the aristocrat Monarchy.
Tenkara is an ancient japanese fly fishing method that exist for about 400 years (no official)
The word Tenkara means ''From the skies or From the heaven''. We do not excatly no when or how that name came across. There's a few writing about it but not saying that much.
Tenkara was fish in mountain stream of Japan in a commercial way. The kind of fish caught was and still are, are : Ayu, Iwana(fish of the rock), Amago (fish in the rain) & Yamame (women in the mountain).
The fly fisherman in Spain an Italy would have been fishing whit Tenkara rods about the same time as Japanese people but there bamboo where to heavy so that where the reel and fly line came in. In Japan they are 46 kind of bamboo and about 600 species, that permit to the Japanes craftsman to make some flexible and weightless rods in sections.
During Edo period (1603-1868) the Samurai where encourage to fish whit those rods. According to two different versions of the history, it would have been pratice for either, for temper the caracter of the warrior or to train them on there stealh approch, reaction speed and there agility.
The Tenkara rod are made to capture trout from 8'' to 16'' long. The lenght of the rod when close are about 14'' to 24''. Collapse they can reach the lenght of 9' to 15'. The light weight are from 2 to 4 onze whit a maximum of 11 sections. Another thing about that rod is that she float. They have corck handle, certain of them can be made of wood (more weight) or in foam (more irritant after a long day of fishing). They are strong even do they are very lightweight et balance whit great precision.
First number = Rigidity of the rod
Second number = Soupleness of the rod
5:5 - 5 sections rigides & 5 sections flexibles (50% - 50%) - 2 pounds (Zerosum rod)
6:4 - 6 sections rigides & 4 sections flexibles (60% - 40%) - 4-1/2 pounds (Zerosum rod)
7:3 - 7 sections rigides & 3 sections flexibles (70% - 30%) - 6-1/2 pounds (Zerosum rod)
8:2 - 8 sections rigides & 2 sections flexibles (80% - 20%) - 9 pounds (Zerosum rod)
For model ProSquare it is a little bit less for the weight
Bouchon en caoutchouc avec des scions (pour permettre à la ligne de monter)
Lillian #1 qui est le fil rouge pour attacher la ligne à la canne
Sections #2 @ #7
Poignée en liège
Bouchon en métal avec un fond de caoutchouc (pour absorber les coups de la section)
The quality and structure of the carbon is a aspect very important in the rod. The pourcentage varie bethween model of the rod. We can found the maximum strenght of the carbon in the last section where the handle is.
What to do whit the rod
To hold the Tenkara rod, you have to put your index on the top of the handle and put it in the deep of your hand. You have also the ''V'' technic where the index is still on top of the rod but you have a light angle whit the thumb on the side of the rod and your hand will be more in the middle of the handle.
To open a Tenkara rod, first you have to take out the rubber cap in a straight line (no inclinaison) that will prevent the break of the tip of the rod. After you will open it whit a light pressure between your thum and index. Be carefull not to put to much pressure because you will have a hard time closing it and a pressure to soft your section will come in when you will strike the fish and you dont whant that because you will break the rod. During all the time you open and close your rod you have to keep your flie in your hand because a fish can take it.
Once you are finish fishing you have to take car of your rod buy cleaning it for a couple of reason, the odor, nor to cumulate some dust, and if you fish in winter you don't want it to freeze.
If you fish for big fish, do not point the rod straigt to him like you do in western style. That will cause the section of the rod to stick or the lost of the Lillian.
It is the traditional Japanese line. She is made of often made of monofilament in a taper shape in one lenght, often 12'. For dry fly fishing that is the line you whant to have on you. She will deposit you flies on the water whit a very gently touch.
Made in fluorocarbon, the Level Line is the most popular line in Tenkara. She comes in a lot of color that is visible to the human but not for the fish. The most popular diameter is the #3.5 (about 10 pounds). She has a lot of advantage (see below the diameter and the comparaisons).
The backing line of 20pounds or 30pounds in yellow color is my personal line that I take in 95% of the time. She is barely more weight then the two other Tenkara line. When it is windy she can cut the wind whit no trouble making a nice cast. She is very visible to the eyes so you can follow your line. She doesn't have any memory like the two other lines, that makes it really fun to let it on the rod.
The Tippet made in monofilament or often made for dry fly fishning and the fluorocarbon are made to fish whit streamer, wet flies and nymph.
In Tenkara the tippet never exceeds the weight of 5X (4ponds) and we can go as low as 7X (2pounds) for challenge (do not play to much whit the fish if you pratice catch & release or fish whit very tiny flies.
You can if you want put some wx on a part of the tippet (about 3''-4'') for dry fly fishing if you have to put more tippet in the water. But we try in Tenkara not to put anything on the line that can be armfull to the environement.
Here is 3 choice :n play whit the lenght of the line.
Short line : Shorter then the line
Standard line : Same lenght the the rod
Long line : 1-1/2 time the lenght of the rod
The lenght can vary depends of the rod and what kind of fishing you are doing.
Right & middle picture : The flowing and the girth knot will be holding the Lillian (red line at the end of the rod).
Left picture : figure eight knot will block the tippet.
Note : The Tenkara knots are very easy to learn and do. You do not cut the exceeding line it will be your strike indicator.
This Tenkara fly is a classic one. Simple and fast to do, it takes only three material, thread, soft hackle and peacock. The most popular color and size of the Takayama Sakasa Kebari is yellow on a dry or caddis #12 hook. You can play whit the color of the thread, the lenght and the kind of hackle and the size of the hook. If you what to put a little weight for nymphing just add a bead head.
Creator : Dr. Hisao Ishigaki
One of the most respected and expert in Tenkara fly fishing in Japan. Poeple gave the name of that fly because Dr. Ishigaki create that simple fly but he didn't whant that, unfortunatly somebody saw a opportunaty and add the nerve to register the name. Nothing could be easier to do then that fly, only two material is needed, some black thread and brown hackle. Dr. Ishigaki can sometime change the thread color buy a gray one and for the hackle he will take some grizzly. He will do the fly whitout a vise. He's been fishing whit only that pattern the last ten year. He's philosophie for fishing is: It is not the fly that is the most important but the technique of presentation.
The Tenkara flie has a lot of different technics, here is a few ones :
The dead drift : The fly is in a dead drift situation after being cast upstream of the river in a angle of 90° or 45°.
The pause : The fly makes a pause about for 2 second a a precise place (usally about 2' from the fish) and done répétition and after you let the fly on the top of the water at the excat place.
The presentation dead drift and pause : It is the combinaison of 1) and 2)
The twich : It is the mouvement of va-et-vient of the fly that is between two waters. The soft hackle plays the rôle of being a emerge insect.
Pulling : Do like a streamer (little fish), pull on the line that the flie is moving toward you about 6'' at the time whit a pause of 2 second in beetween each pulling. Sometime you can modify the pulling buy a pause lest or more then 2 second.
Let the flie caler in the white water to go and reach a certain deepht.
Make it skate it on the water making it doing a ''V'' shape. It is imatate a caddis going to leg he eggs on the water.
Fast water : For the soft hackle in the direction of the current, do a mouvement of back and fort more sudden and less rapid.
Calm water : For the soft hackle going the same the opposite of the current, you have to do a mouvement of back and fort less sudden and faster.
For the overhead cast, you have to take the tip of your rod at : 12h00 and 10h00, whit a complete stop but not to sudden.
Hold you arm near you body not to get tired whit all the cast you will make.
You have to break a little bit your wrist, you forearm will do the rest of the movement.
The exection speed will predominate on the strenght of the cast.
The feet position is a factor to considered in the quality of the cast, to put the right feet in front (if you are right handed) whit a angle of about 15 degres.
Buy doing a cast whit a tight loop, your cast will be more precise and will cut throug the wind better. Buy doing a bigger loop, the presentation will be more soft and make it more easy to do the cast, if you have more the one flie or a heavier flie. If you do expend your arm you will go and get a little extra lenght and this will help to absorb the throwing of a big flie and will absorp the schock of the tip of the rod.
Bow & Arrow cast (Right picture)
Hold your tippet equal to the handle and put it up near your hear, make it bend like if you are shooting whit a bow and then let the line go. For a more precise cast just hold. To do a more precise cast just hold the line about 8” from the flie.
Roll cast (Left picture)
Let the line in the water, it will be a anchor for the line
Hold the rod at 12h00
Fast cast in front
It is just a transfert of the line and flie on the opposite side where you just cast.
Cast on the other direction whit the rod on the opposite of your shoulder.
It is to cast your line underneath a obstacle, like a branch.
To land a fish whit a Tenkara rod you have to put your rod behing your head, that will make the line come to you and then you crab it and the you pull it nice and slow for the fish to come to your net.
Whit big fish you will do your strike on the side whit an angle.
Do not fight the fish when you got it.
For the big fish, follow it whit a good pressure et get the tip of the rod down when the fish want to go. Let the rod do its job.
If you pratice the catch and release, here is a few things you should know for the surviving of the fish :
Do not do the back and fort whit the fish in the water because you can drown it, the fish will not be able to take his breath so just let it in the water buy placing only your hand underneath is belly or let it in the net. The fish will tell you when it is time to go!
A good net whit gentle mesh (that is not to large) is a essentiel tool for catch and release.
Always wet your hands to manipulate the fish if you have to touch him (Barbless hook is the best not to touch the fish)
Do not put your fingers in the gills of the fish.
Do not let the fish to long out of the water when you take some pictures.
Do not tighten to much underneath the head because the organ are at that place and they are very fragile.
When you hold a bass buy it mouth do not incliner the head you will arm the fish. Just put it a neutral position, that means straigh parrallel to your body.